Dialectical materialism teaches us that the external world (matter) is reflected by our brains through our five senses- sight, hearing, smell, taste and touch. What is first perceived through the five senses is “perceptual knowledge.” When enough perceptual knowledge has accumulated in our brains, perceptual knowledge leaps to “conceptual knowledge” (the formation of ideas, theories, plans, measures, etc.); that is, from objective matter to subjective consciousness, from existence to ideas.
We then test the “truth” of our ideas by putting them into practice; that is, transforming subjective consciousness back into objective matter, from ideas back into existence. Those ideas that ...........READ MORE
All matter possesses the property of reflection, i.e., the ability to react and reconstruct itself internally under external influences. Therefore reflection must always, and can only, take place between two or more bodies interacting on one another.
For example, as a result of the chemical composition of iron, once oxygen and moisture come into contact and began exerting their influence upon it, the iron begins to chemically reconstruct itself internally by creating a coat of ferric-oxide (rust) in reaction to these external influences.
Although unlike inorganic matter which reflects the world in an unconscious and subjective way, we ...........READ MORE
In June of 2005 California began opening the 5,000 man Kern Valley State Prison in Delano, the third most recent prison in the state’s prison expansion boom. In January of 2006, when the prison is expected to be fully operating, prison officials boast that it will be the first maximum security level IV in California with a variety of academic and vocational education programs. These academic and vocational programs, prison officials claim, is meant to “increase an offender’s chances of reentering society successfully.”
Academic and vocational programs are progressive and should be welcomed by all prisoners (so long as they’re ...........READ MORE
Greetings and my best to you. I read your piece, “Huey P. Newton – revisited.” I found it extremely interesting although at this point the depth of my knowledge of Newton’s writings is still insufficiently shallow, so I’ll limit myself to those issues you raised.
Newton and those around him were by far the most theoretically advanced within the settler empire at that time. Although they were not infallible, and it is from their mistakes, as well as their successes, that lessons must be drawn. There is an abundance of material written and practical experiences to draw from. From the ...........READ MORE